All rights reserved. For as long as they worked in the smuggling tunnels beneath the Gaza Strip, Samir and his brother Yussef suspected they might one day die in them. It was about 9 p.
Palestine is a small region of land—roughly 2, square miles—that has played a prominent role in the ancient and modern history of the Middle East. Violent attempts to control land have defined much of the history of Palestine, making it the site of constant political conflict. UntilPalestine typically referred to the geographic region located between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River.
Dina Badie does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organisation that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond their academic appointment. Republish our articles for free, online or in print, under Creative Commons licence. Responding to pressure from the Israeli governmentPresident Donald Trump has signaled via Twitter that his administration is poised to recognize Israeli sovereignty over the Golan Heights.
It is situated between the Mediterranean Sea to the north and the Red Sea to the south, and is a land bridge between Asia and Africa. This comes in stark contrast to the region north of it, the Levant present-day territories of SyriaLebanonJordanIsrael and Palestinewhich, due largely to its strategic geopolitical location and cultural convergences, has historically been the center of conflict between Egypt and various states of Mesopotamia and Asia Minor. In periods of foreign occupation, the Sinai was, like the rest of Egypt, also occupied and controlled by foreign empires, in more recent history the Ottoman Empire — and the United Kingdom — On 6 OctoberEgypt launched the Yom Kippur War to retake the peninsula, which was unsuccessful.
Mogan David Flag of Israel. Christians Leaving the Middle East. Understanding the Middle Ages.
Israel is on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea and bordered to the north by Lebanon, to the north-east by Syria, to the east by Jordan, and to the south-west by Egypt. This figure includes East Jerusalem and other territory that Israel captured in the Six-Day War in and annexed shortly afterwards; most countries do not recognize the annexation of East Jerusalem. However, this is not recognized by the UN and many countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv-Yafo.
As a result, Israel gained control over land covering an area four and a half times its pre-war size [ see map ]. In addition, this war had positive economic consequences for Israel, for they gained control over the petroleum resources in the Sinai desert, until the spring of Israel also gained complete control over the water resources in the Golan Heights and inside the Palestinian Territories.
By Jessica Macdonald. To get the most out of your visit, brush up on your knowledge of the country's geography and history before you go. It shares borders with Libya to the west, with Sudan to the south and with the Mediterranean Sea to the north.
Induring the war between the Jews and Arabs, the Egyptian forces retained the Gaza city and its surrounding area, which came to be called the Gaza Strip. This territory became under the control of Egypt by terms of the Arab Israeli armistice agreement in This influx has created many economic problems in the area, although the city of Gaza has bazaars, markets and some light industry, in addition to the fact that the Gaza Strip is an established citrus producing area, the economy cannot support the large population, which has been aided by the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestinian Refugees in the Near East. During the spring of the year several military clashes between Egypt and Israel took place in the Gaza Strip.