Prenatal reactive strip

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A pregnancy test is used to determine if a woman is pregnant. A pregnancy test is usually performed when a health professional or a woman suspects she is pregnant, or before using clinical services which may interfere with a pregnancy e. Blood pregnancy tests can be either qualitative result is negative or positive or quantitative result is a specific hCG concentration.

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Metrics details. Maternal and neonatal mortality is still very high at a global level, even though its reduction is a goal established among the Sustainable Development Goals by the United Nations. In order to improve prenatal care to address this challenge, this article proposes a strategy to detect and refer high risk pregnancies in rural setting through a portable ultrasound system combined with blood and urine strip tests.

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Electronic fetal monitoring EFM involves the use of an electronic fetal heart rate FHR monitor to record the baby's heart rate. Elastic belts are used to hold sensors against the pregnant woman's abdomen. The sensors are connected to the monitor and detect the baby's heart rate as well as the uterine contractions.

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Electronic fetal monitoring EFM involves the use of an electronic fetal heart rate FHR monitor to record the baby's heart rate. Elastic belts are used to hold sensors against the pregnant woman's abdomen. The sensors are connected to the monitor and detect the baby's heart rate as well as the uterine contractions.

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The presence of fetal movements and fetal heart rate acceleration is the most critical feature of the non-stress test. It is a non-invasive test used for the surveillance of high-risk pregnancies when the fetus is judged clinically to be at risk for hypoxemia or increased risk of death. Trained and certified nurses, midwives and physicians should read and interpret the non-stress test.

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The aim of this consensus paper is to standardize the use of cardiotocograms CTG in fetal monitoring using an evidence-based approach. Recommended standards take the impact of disturbances and other influencing variables on the CTG into account, use standard definitions and objective assessment methods, and look at upstream diagnostic procedures and adjunct monitoring methods. The target audience for this consensus paper are all professionals who use CTG readings to monitor pregnancies and childbirth, most notably gynecologists and midwives. It was not possible in every case to compile recommendations directly from the evidence level provided in the available literature.

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Cardiotocography CTG is a technical means of recording the fetal heartbeat and the uterine contractions during pregnancy. The machine used to perform the monitoring is called a cardiotocographmore commonly known as an electronic fetal monitor EFM. A refined antepartal, non-invasive, beat-to-beat version cardiotocograph was later developed for Hewlett Packard by Konrad Hammacher.

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Related Editorial. Electronic fetal heart rate monitoring is commonly used to assess fetal well-being during labor. Although detection of fetal compromise is one benefit of fetal monitoring, there are also risks, including false-positive tests that may result in unnecessary surgical intervention. Since variable and inconsistent interpretation of fetal heart rate tracings may affect management, a systematic approach to interpreting the patterns is important.

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