The sternoclavicular joint is the joint between the clavicle collarbone and sternum breast bone. It is an uncommon injury when you consider all shoulder injuries. It typically occurs in contact and collision sports, such as football and rugby.
The sternum, or breastbone, is a long, flat bone located in the middle of the chest. The sternum is connected to the first seven ribs by cartilage. This connection between bone and cartilage forms two different joints between the ribs and sternum:.
A Costochondral separation, sometimes known as a rib separation, usually occurs after a direct impact to the chest. One or more ribs become separated from the costochondral joint made from cartilage which is also attached to the breastbone. The area will be very painful, especially when breathing deeply, and it can take several months to fully recover.
I read one of your patient stories about a high school athlete with a dislocated collar bone. I also have experienced this injury and am evaluating my options for surgery. How common is a dislocated collar bone clavicle or sternoclavicular injury, what causes it, and what are the treatments for it?
The bones are the most likely structures to be injured after blunt chest trauma. They are on the outside of the chest cavity and generally protect the underlying structures. The bones that are likely to be injured includes those discussed here.
Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Log in or Sign up. Hank is a year-old banker who recently suffered from a terrible cold that included a very violent cough he thinks he got the cold from a co-worker who came to work sick. Hank went to the doctor, and the doctor gave him some medications to take to help treat the cough.
Correspondence to: Dr. Dislocations of the sternoclavicular joint SCJ occur with relative infrequency and can be classified into anterior and posterior dislocation, with the former being more common. The SCJ is inherently unstable due to its lack of articular contact and therefore relies on stability from surrounding ligamentous structures, such as the costoclavicular, interclavicular and capsular ligaments.
METHODS: From June to December32 patients with sternoclavicular joint dislocation and fracture were treated with a new type sternoclavicular hook plate fixation, including 24 males and 8 females with an average age of 42 years ranging from 25 to 76 years;12 patients were anterior dislocation, 5 pations were posterior dislocation, 10 patients were internal extremity of clavicle fracture and 5 patients were sternoclavicular joint dislocation combined with fracture. The anterior fracture dislocation of the sternoclavicular joint adopted standard sternoclavicular joint hook plate, and the posterior dislocation was at the distal end of the hook of the steel plate, that is, the front part of the handle of the breast was added with a nut and a gasket to prevent the re-dislocation after operation. The results were evaluated according to Rockwood score.